Nausea is common in 50% of cases due to hormonal adaptations of early pregnancy, and can often be accompanied by vomiting, in which case adapting food in those weeks is important to provide the essential nutrients for that stage. Nausea most commonly appear in the morning and go away in the course of the day. Often they can be exacerbated by food odors. For this reason is important to identify the foods that predispose to vomit and remove them from circulation.
Some measures to consider avoiding these situations are:
- Decrease the volume of meals
- Increase the frequency of meals, ideally 4 main meals and 2 between meals.
- Do not ingest large amounts of fluids with meals.
- Drink slowly. Avoid citrus juices.
- The foods that are easier to digest are cookies, water, toasted bread, cereal flakes. High-fat foods are digested more slowly, in which case is not recommended at this stage. Preferably one should choose low-fat dairy, lean meats and preparation methods such as boiled or steamed.
- Green leafy vegetables and raw salads of large volume causes distention and do not cooperate with the symptoms. Preferably one should choose fruits and cooked vegetables and in small volumes.
- Broths and hot tea can exacerbate symptoms. In these first weeks we recommend removing the tea and coffee. It is desirable to allow some time before bedtime or board some way of transport to avoid a bad time.
What do I do if I can not keep anything down?
If you do not feel very well and your nausea and vomiting are so severe that you can not keep anything down, including water, juice, prenatal vitamins or other drugs, chances are that you suffer a condition called hyperemesis gravidarum. If your situation is serious, it is safest to be hospitalize if your doctor suggests it. Treatment will consist of intravenous fluids and medication.